Today’s Bible reading is Exodus 21-22, Psalm 26, and Matthew 26. Our devotional is from Exodus 21-22.
Moving beyond the Ten Commandments (Exodus 20:1-17) that are the foundation of God’s Law, we find specific applications of God’s judgment and the bases of democratic law and order in Exodus 21:1-23:19.
In matters of servitude, Exodus 21:1-11 states God’s Laws for masters, slaves, and indentured servants. Regarding the sanctity of human life, Exodus 21:12-17 draws a distinction between murder (21:14-16), a violation of the sixth commandment (20:13), and manslaughter (taking a human life without intent).
Violating the commandment to honor one’s parents (the fifth commandment, 20:12) was such a grave offense that to curse a parent was a capital crime mandating death of a son or daughter (21:17).
In case of accidental injury, the law mandates proper compensation and punishment (Exodus 21:18-32). Should a beast cause injury or death and the owner be proved negligent, the beast and its owner could be put to death.
The agricultural nature of ancient societies meant one’s livestock were an essential part of a man’s livelihood and the well-being of his family (21:33-36). The negligent injury or theft of oxen or sheep was a serious crime requiring compensation (22:1-4) as was damage to a man’s crops (22:5-6). Personal responsibility and liability were important issues among God’s people and He demanded fair compensation (22:7-15).
The closing verses of Exodus 22 address other moral and societal issues including rape (22:16-17), witchcraft (22:18), bestiality (22:19), and idolatry (22:20).
In the matter of borrowing, the law condemned “usury” (charging excessive interest) because it imposed an unnecessary hardship on the poor (22:25-27).
I close stating an important principle in the matter of personal integrity; Saying, “I’m Sorry”, is not enough when someone has suffered loss or personal injury (22:14-15).
An illustration: A farmer borrows another man’s ox and the beast is injured or dies. Under such circumstance the borrower is debtor to the lender and under obligation to “make it good” (22:14); in other words, repay or replace.
In summary: God’s law requires honesty and integrity. Borrow or rent another’s property or goods, you are under obligation to make whole any damages or loss suffered by the lender.
In other words,“I’m sorry” is not enough!
Copyright 2019 – Travis D. Smith