Scripture Reading Assignment – Numbers 28-30
The geographical setting of the closing chapters in Numbers is on the east side of the Jordan River. Israel is encamped where the previous generation had turned back forty years earlier. Knowing his days with Israel were numbered (Numbers 27:13), Moses set his heart on the task of preparing Joshua, his successor, to lead the nation (27:16-17, 23).
Numbers 28 records the LORD’s instructions concerning worship, sacrifices, and the feasts Israel was to observe as a nation.
The Feast of Trumpets marked the beginning of a new year for Israel (29:1-6). Following the Feast of Trumpets was the Day of Atonement (29:7-11), the most holy day in Israel. The Day of Atonement was the only day the high priest entered the holy of holies with the blood of sacrifice (note Leviticus 16).
The “Feast of Tabernacles” (29:12-34) followed the “Day of Atonement” and was observed by Israel as a celebration of the harvest.
Making vows and being bound by them is the subject of Numbers 30.
Vows and covenants are not to be treated lightly and once they are made they are binding with few exceptions.
One exception is a young woman living under her father’s authority. A father who overheard his daughter’s vow had the authority to annul it; however, should he be silent, her vow would stand before the LORD (30:3-6).
A wife’s vow to the LORD would stand unless her husband exercised his authority and cancelled it (30:7-8). Women who were widowed or divorced were bound by their vows and could not cancel them (30:9).
Reminding us the husband is the head of the wife and home, he had authority to either cancel his wife’s vow or allow it to stand (30:10-16).
It is the bent of our nature to focus on the authority aspect of this subject and fail to see the protection and accountability a father and husband bears in the sight of God.
In God’s plan, a father and husband bear not only the authority as head of his household; he is also directly accountable to God for serving as a shield, the watchman, and counselor of his family.
In other words, fathers and husbands are accountable for the vows and decisions of their wives and households; the axe of God’s judgment hangs over their heads.
Copyright 2020 – Travis D. Smith