Daily reading assignment – Deuteronomy 24-27
Moses continues his final challenge to Israel in today’s scripture reading, and his speech covers nearly every aspect of life in the new land.
Marriage and divorce are the subject of the opening verses of Deuteronomy 24, and we are reminded that divorce was never God’s will. God’s plan from creation was that man would be the husband of one wife (Genesis 2:24; Matthew 19:8). The principles on divorce stated in this passage were given to stress the solemnness of marriage and the sobriety of divorce (24:1-5).
Various life principles follow (24:6-22)
1) Never take a pledge of indebtedness against a man’s “millstone,” meaning his means to grind wheat and provide bread for his family (24:6). Stated in a different manner: Don’t take from a man his livelihood and means to provide for his family.
2) Don’t engage in “man stealing” (the 21st century describes this as “human trafficking” and its victims are often children). The penalty of such is death (24:7).
3) Never oppress the poor by taking advantage of their impoverished state (24:10-15). In ancient times, the sole possession of a poor man might have been nothing more than the robes he wore. Explanation: While a poor man might offer his outer robe to secure a loan and the lender take possession of it during the day, the debtor was not to be denied the warmth and comfort of his robe at night. That principle is timeless! While people should not assume debts, they cannot pay; neither should lenders be harsh in charging usury, seeking justice, and restitution.
4) Employers are to pay employees their due (24:16).
5) Everyone was to bear the punishment for their own sin and not another in their stead (24:16).
6) Compassion for the poverty of the orphan, widow, and foreigner was a burden shared by Hebrew society (24:19-22).
Because justice is essential for the peace and well-being of a society, corporal punishment that fit the crime was to be administered, but within reason and without excessive harshness (Deut. 25:1-4).
Even the ox that labored in the field was to be an object of compassion and allowed the reward of eating some of the grain as it labored (25:4; 1 Timothy 5:18).
Hebrews were expected to be men of integrity in business, and weights and measurements used in commerce were to be “perfect and just” (Deut. 25:13-16).
Though commanded to have compassion on a foreigner in other passages, Israel was not to appear weak or trivialize offenses an enemy’s (25:17-19).
Because the LORD had chosen Israel and blessed the people, Moses reminded them they were to demonstrate their gratitude by bringing the first fruits of the harvest to the sanctuary (26:1-15).
A special tithe was given every third year accompanying the tither’s confession he had honored the LORD’s commandments and obeyed them. The third-year tithe was used to meet immediate needs in one’s community and to support “the Levite, the stranger, the fatherless, and the widow, that they may eat within thy gates, and be filled” (26:12-15).
Reminded of their covenant with the LORD, Israel was to promise to “walk in his ways, and to keep His statutes, and His commandments” (26:16-17). In response, the LORD promised to promote Israel above all the nations of the earth (26:19).
Lest the people forget, a memorial pillar of stones was to be inscribed with the law and raised up on the west side of the Jordan River as a reminder of the LORD’s promises and commandments (Dt. 27:1-2). An altar was to be built to sanctify the place and the LORD’s covenant with Israel (27:2-10).
Admonishing the people “Choices have Consequences”, the elders of the twelve tribes were charged to remind them obedience to the Law brought the LORD’s blessing, and disobedience His curse and judgments (27:14-26).
A series of twelve curses were pronounced, and the tribes affirmed they accepted the LORD’s covenant (Dt. 27:15-26).
1) Idolatry, a violation of the first and second commandments is cursed (27:15).
2) Dishonoring one’s parents is cursed (27:16), a violation of the fifth commandment (Ex. 20:12).
3) Stealing the property and possessions of another is cursed, a violation of the eighth commandment (27:17; Ex. 20:15).
4) Taking advantage of the infirmed or disabled is cursed (27:18).
5) Unjust treatment of “the stranger, fatherless, and widow” is cursed (27:19; Ex. 22:21-24).
The sixth through ninth curses address sexual impurity, a violation of the seventh commandment (27:20-23; Ex. 20:14).
6) Incest with one’s stepmother is cursed (27:20; Lev. 18:8-9, 17; 20:11).
7) Bestiality is cursed (27:21; Lev. 18:23).
8) Incest between siblings and parents is cursed (27:22).
9) Incest with one’s mother-in-law is cursed (27:23).
The sixth commandment, “Thou shalt not kill” (Ex. 20:13), is the subject of the tenth and eleventh curses (Dt. 27:24-25).
10) Intentional murder of one’s neighbor is cursed (Dt. 27:24).
11) Hiring an assassin to kill another is cursed (Dt. 27:25).
The twelfth and final curse is addressed to any child of Israel who failed to affirm God’s Law and Commandments (Dt .27:26).
When the people were asked to affirm they accepted the LORD’s covenant, they answered, “Amen” (27:26).
In case you are tempted to believe the law and commandments have no application to you, I remind you:
1 Peter 1:15-16 – “But as he which hath called you is holy, so be ye holy in all manner of conversation; 16 Because it is written, Be ye holy; for I am holy.”
Copyright 2020 – Travis D. Smith