Elihu the Younger: An Exhibition of Youthful Zeal (Job 32)

Scripture reading – Job 32

Job 31 was Job’s final reply to his friends’ allegations, that his troubles were those with which God afflicts wicked men. When he had finished his retort, his friends remained silent, and they “ceased to answer Job, because he was righteous in his own eyes” (32:1).

Listening to the dispute between Job and his friends was a younger man named “Elihu the son of Barachel the Buzite, of the kindred of Ram” (32:2b). Because he was young, he had wisely deferred to his elders; however, he had determined he would no longer sit in silence.

Exhibiting the zeal of youth, he confessed he had been stirred to indignation, not only by Job, whom he observed, “justified himself rather than God” (32:2c), but “also against his three friends…because they had found no answer, and yet had condemned Job” (32:3). When he realized the conversation between Job and his friends had ended with no resolution, Elihu determined he would be silent no longer (32:4-8).

Observing that, “9Great men are not always wise: Neither do the aged understand judgment” (32:9); he demanded that his elders would weigh his opinion in the matter of Job and his afflictions (32:10). Though his words were lofty, his spirit was negative (32:12), as he boasted he had insights that had not yet been expressed (32:14-17).

Elihu’s enthusiasm, and his demand to be heard by Job and the others, was graphically expressed in a metaphor where he likened his spirit to a new wine skin that was ready to burst (32:18-19).

Job 32:18–19 – “18For I am full of matter [words], The spirit within me constraineth [compels] me. 19Behold, my belly is as wine which hath no vent; It is ready to burst like new bottles.”

Unable to contain himself any longer, Elihu asserted:

Job 32:20–2220I will [must] speak, that I may be refreshed [relieved]: I will open my lips and answer.
21Let me not, I pray you, accept [show favor to] any man’s person, Neither let me give flattering titles unto man.
22For I know not to give flattering titles [puff up another]; In so doing my maker [Creator] would soon take me away [seize by force].

Though he was the younger of the four men, and one who had wisely deferred to his elders, Elihu nevertheless had a zeal that demanded to be heard. Though young, he was wise in much that he said, and his speech will cover six of the remaining chapters in our study of the Book of Job (Job 32-37).

A closing thought: Old age is not indicative that one has spiritual maturity or understanding; however, it is also true that religious zeal without wisdom can be injurious.

Proverbs 4:7 – “7Wisdom is the principal thing; therefore get wisdom: And with all thy getting get understanding.”

Copyright 2021 – Travis D. Smith