Scripture reading – Genesis 20-21
Genesis 20 – Post-Sodom Excursion from the Promised Land
After witnessing the devastating judgment of God upon Sodom and Gomorrah in Genesis 19, Abraham and Sarah made their journey south “and dwelled between Kadesh and Shur, and sojourned in Gerar” (20:1). We are not told why he departed from the land where he had sojourned; however, I speculate it was to put a distance between himself and the ruins of Sodom and the other cities that had been destroyed in the plains. Whatever his reason, Abraham made a fateful decision to journey from the land God had promised, and traveled to Gerar and the land ruled by the heathen king Abimelech (20:1-2).
Upon arriving in Gerar, Abraham fell back into a faithless pattern he had followed when he went down into Egypt (Genesis 12:11-16), and urged Sarah to tell others that she was his sister, and not his wife (20:2). Although she was 90 years old, God had evidently preserved her beauty, and Abraham was concerned that he might be killed, that she might be taken (20:2). Once again, Abraham’s deceit not only put his wife at risk, but God’s promise that she would bear him a son.
Providentially, God intervened, and warned Abimelech in a dream that he was a dead man should he violate Sarah, for she was Abraham’s wife (20:3-8). Rising early the next morning, Abimelech wasted no time in putting his household in order, and confronted Abraham who excused his dishonesty by explaining that Sarah was indeed his half-sister (20:9-13).
Abimelech extended kindness, and grace to Abraham and restored Sarah to him, extending an invitation to live where they pleased in the land (20:15), and paying to Abraham the restitution of a “thousand pieces of silver,” assuring that Sarah’s had not been dishonored (20:16).
Abimelech’s kindness was a rebuke to Abraham and Sarah, for he had demonstrated greater integrity than they. In humility, “Abraham prayed unto God: and God healed Abimelech, and his wife, and his maidservants; and they bare children” (20:17).
Genesis 21 – Promise fulfilled: Isaac is born!
Fulfilling God’s covenant promise, “I will make of thee a great nation, and I will bless thee” (Genesis 12:2), we read the news of the miraculous conception and birth of Isaac, the son of Abraham born to Sarah (21:1-3).
Genesis 21:1–3 – 1And the Lord visited Sarah as he had said, and the Lord did unto Sarah as he had spoken. 2For Sarah conceived, and bare Abraham a son in his old age, [when she was 90 years old, and he 100 years old] at the set time of which God had spoken to him. 3And Abraham called the name of his son that was born unto him, whom Sarah bare to him, Isaac.
Abraham had waited twenty-five years for God’s promise of a son to be fulfilled (Genesis 12:4). The thought of a 90-year-old woman conceiving a son of the seed of a 100-year-old man seemed impossible; however, nothing is impossible with the LORD and “at the set time of which God had spoken,” Isaac was born (21:5).
The happiness of Isaac’s birth, his circumcision and identity as Abraham’s heir, and the feast that celebrated his being weaned from his mother’s milk turned to sorrow (21:6-9). Ishmael, Abraham’s son born to the Egyptian Hagar, was observed mocking Isaac (21:9), and Sarah demanded, “Cast out this bondwoman [slave] and her son: for the son of this bondwoman shall not be heir with my son, even with Isaac” (21:10).
Abraham, understanding the weight of his transgressions was also borne by his family, yet, comforted when God said unto him, “Let it not be grievous in thy sight because of the lad, and because of thy bondwoman; in all that Sarah hath said unto thee, hearken unto her voice; for in Isaac shall thy seed be called. 13And also of the son of the bondwoman will I make a nation, because he is thy seed” (21:12-13).
Heartbroken, but trusting God, Abraham arose early the next day and sent Hagar and his son into the wilderness with “bread, and a bottle of water” (21:14), and God’s promise that Ishmael would be the father of a nation. There, in the wilderness when all seemed lost, God heard the cry of Hagar and her son, and “the angel of God” spoke to hear, reminding her of His promise, “I will make him a great nation” (21:18).
I close, being reminded again that, God hears the cries, and the prayers of His people.
Copyright 2021 – Travis D. Smith