Scripture reading – Leviticus 5-6
Leviticus 5:1-13 – Trespass Offerings
Continuing our study of the various sacrificial offerings, we come today to a study of “Trespass Offerings” for particular offences. Referred to by some as “Purification” offerings, we consider three sins which required “trespass offerings.”
The first offense that required a trespass offering was for a sin of omission. When a man was tried for failing to keep an oath, it was required of one who was witness to his failure to come forward and bear witness. Failure to come forward and bear witness was a sin, and a sacrifice was required to atone (5:1).
The third offence was to swear an oath, and fail to keep it. Such was a sin and required a trespass offering (5:4-5).
Three different trespass, or purification offerings, might be offered to atone for a sinner’s guilt (5:6-13). The economic means of one guilty of a trespass dictated the amount of that which was offered. A man of wealth that had committed a trespass would be required to bring “a female from the flock, a lamb or a kid of the goats, for a sin offering; and the priest shall make an atonement for him concerning his sin” (5:6).
A man who did not have the financial means to offer a lamb or goat, might bring “two turtledoves, or two young pigeons, unto the Lord; one for a sin offering, and the other for a burnt offering” (5:7). The blood of the sacrifice would be sprinkled on the altar, and declared a “sin offering” (5:9).
Should a man be so poor he was unable to bring the lesser trespass offering (“two turtledoves, or two young pigeons, unto the LORD”), he could “bring for his offering the tenth part of an ephah of fine flour for a sin offering; he shall put no oil upon it, neither shall he put any frankincense thereon: for it is a sin offering” (5:11).
Leviticus 5:14-6:7 – Reparation Offering
Unlike the trespass offerings, a reparation offering was required when a man failed to give of that which the LORD required. An example would have been the failure to give a tithe, or an offering of first-fruits. To make amends to the LORD, the sinner was required to not only offer “a ram without blemish out of the flocks” (5:14-15), but an additional sacrifice described as “the fifth part thereto, and give it unto the priest” (5:16).
Much more might be discussed in the matter of trespass offerings and reparations; however, this I will leave for another time (Leviticus 6).
What was the LORD teaching His people?
He was teaching the need of having a sensitive conscience, and an appreciation of one’s responsibility to the LORD. After all, there is no such thing as a secret sin!
Copyright 2021 – Travis D. Smith