There Was No King, No Ruler, And No Judge In Israel. (Judges 18)

Scripture reading – Judges 18

Judges 18 opens with a repeat observation in the last chapters of the book: “1In those days there was no king in Israel” (18:1; also Judges 17:6, 19:1, and 21:25). In a very literal sense, there was no king, no ruler, and no judge in Israel. There was no man of God to herald the word of the LORD; none to call on the people to repent of their wickedness, and turn back to the Law and Commandments.

The tribe of Dan is the subject of Judges 18, but as you will see, Micah, the Ephraimite to whom we were introduced in Judges 17 is a prominent figure as well.

Having not received an inheritance in the Land, the Danites (18:1) sent out five men to spy out their assigned territory in the northernmost part of Israel, near Mount Horeb. In their journey, they camped on Mount Ephraim, and lodged near the house of Micah (18:2). As the spies were near Micah’s house, they heard the voice of his Levite (18:7-13), and knew his dialect was not of that region (18:3). They questioned the young Levite, and learned he was hired by Micah to serve as his priest (18:3-4). They sought the counsel of the Levite, and were assured their journey to Laish would be prosperous (18:5).

The five spies arrived near Laish, and found the people were “careless…quiet, and secure” (18:7). The implication was that they had no enemies, and were therefore lethargic in their defense, and vulnerable to siege. Laish was distant from other cities, and the spies felt there would be no assistance when the Danites attacked the city. Returning to their brethren, the spies reported that the land was good, and they should move quickly to possess it (18:8-10).

Six hundred Danite men, “appointed with weapons of war” (18:11), “went up, and pitched in Kirjath-jearim, in Judah” (18:12), and then made their way to Mount Ephraim, “and came unto the house of Micah” (18:13). There, the five spies conveyed to their fellow soldiers that in Micah’s house there was “an ephod [a breastplate worn by a priest], and teraphim [idol], and a graven image, and a molten image” (18:14). Led by the five spies, those six hundred men stood at the gate of Micah’s house, as they stole the idols, and enticed the young Levite priest to come with them, and serve as priest to the tribe of Dan” (18:15-20).

The Danites then set out on their journey for Laish, putting their children, and cattle forward, and the strong men serving as the rearward guard for their families (18:21). After a great distance, Micah and the men he had stirred to come with him, came upon the tribe of Dan whose strong men confronted them saying, “What aileth thee, that thou comest with such a company?” (18:23)

Micah complained he had been slighted, for the Danites had taken his gods, and his priest (18:24). The Danites, mincing no words, threatened Micah saying, “Let not thy voice be heard among us, lest angry fellows run upon thee, and thou lose thy life, with the lives of thy household” (18:25). Perceiving he was outnumbered, Micah retreated, and returned to his home (18:26).

The Danites then came upon Laish, and finding the inhabitants of the city unprepared, “they smote them with the edge of the sword, and burnt the city with fire” (18:27). There was none that did come to the aid of Laish (18:28). There the Danites built a city, and named it Dan, for the father of their tribe.

I close inviting you to realize the depth of depravity to which Israel had descended. Idols, and graven images in their households; Levites serving as priest of their false gods; and the LORD, and His Law and Commandments forsaken.

Tragically, “the children of Dan set up the graven image [which they had stolen from Micah]: and Jonathan [most likely the name of the Levite priest], the son of Gershom, the son of Manasseh, he and his sons were priests to the tribe of Dan until the day of the captivity of the land” (18:30). “31And they set them up Micah’s graven image, which he made, all the time that the house of God was in Shiloh” (18:31).

We will soon see how Israel’s decline into idol worship, did serve as the precursor of that nation’s plunge into moral depravity.

Copyright 2021 – Travis D. Smith