“When the Wicked Beareth Rule, the People Mourn.” (2 Chronicles 23)

Scripture reading – 2 Chronicles 23

The drama in today’s Scripture reading is rich and vivid. Keeping all the names in order is a challenge, even for some who have been immersed in the Scriptures for years. Yet, more important than remembering all the names, is the reminder that God is sovereign. We must never forget the LORD is Almighty, and we can be assured His plans and purposes never fail.

The kingdom of Judah endured years of sorrows, for the kings of that nation had turned from the LORD, and followed in the wicked ways of the kings of Israel. When she learned her son king Ahaziah had been slain (22:8-10), Athaliah, the wife of Jehoram and the daughter of Ahab, moved to make herself queen. She secured the throne for herself, after slaying all of the “seed royal of the house of Judah” (22:10). Providentially, one son of the king survived the murderous rampage of the queen.

“Jehoshabeath, the daughter of the king, took Joash the son of Ahaziah, and stole him from among the king’s sons that were slain, and put him and his nurse in a bedchamber” (22:11). Joash was only an infant at the time, and he was hidden in the Temple for six years, while his wicked grandmother, “Athaliah reigned over the land” (22:12).

2 Chronicles 23

Athaliah ruled Judah for six years, not knowing Joash, the surviving son of Ahaziah and rightful heir to the throne, was hiding in the Temple, growing up under the care and tutelage of Jehoiada the high priest (22:1). In the seventh year of Athaliah’s reign, Jehoiada determined it was time to establish young Joash as king of Judah (23:1).

Jehoiada chose five centurions (“captains of hundreds”) to draft a trusted troop of men who would challenge the queen, and crown Joash as king (23:2). Those men went throughout Judah, inviting Levites, and leaders in the kingdom to gather in Jerusalem. With Jehoiada presiding, the leaders of Judah gathered, and “made a covenant,” recognizing Joash as the rightful king and heir to his father’s throne (23:3).

A Righteous Insurrection (23:4-9)

Gathering to crown Joash king were the Levites, representing the priestly order, fathers of households, and soldiers charged with securing the Temple, and protecting the young prince. Dividing into three groups, one third of the men were assigned to the Temple, a third to stand guard at the palace, and another third to guard the gate called the Foundation (23:4-5). The men were charged with protecting the king, insuring that no one who was hostile would be permitted to enter the Temple or be a threat to Joash (23:6). Bearing weapons, Levites encircled the king, were ordered to kill any who approached him (23:7). In verse 9 we learn there were “spears, and bucklers (i.e. large shields), and shields stored in the Temple that dated to the days of David (23:9).

The Crowning of a King (23:10-15)

With armed men staged at every approach of the Temple, (23:10), Joash was brought into a circle of Levites, where he was crowned and anointed as king of Judah (23:11). Hearing the shouts, “God save the king,” and the rejoicing of those who were “running and praising the king, Athaliah entered the Temple. “She looked, and behold the king stood at his pillar,” and the people were sounding trumpets and singing (23:13).

“Treason, Treason,” shouted the queen. Jehoiada ordered her removed from the Temple, and any who followed her were to be killed (23:14). “So they laid hands on [the queen]; and when she was come to the entering of the horse gate by the king’s house, they slew her there” (23:15).

A Revival in Judah (23:16-17)

With the wicked queen Athaliah dead, and the seven-year-old Joash crowned king (24:1), Jehoiada established a covenant with the LORD between himself, the people, and the king (23:16). The people then destroyed the temple to Baal, his altars, and images in Judah. They also “slew Mattan the priest of Baal” (23:17).

Returning to the Law and Commandments (23:18–21)

Jehoiada reinstituted the offices and orders of the priests, and revived the sacrifices and “offerings of the Lord, as it is written in the law of Moses” (23:18). Singers were appointed, and porters were assigned to guard the entrances to the Temple (23:18-19). Serving as the young king’s mentor and counselor, Jehoiada and the people brought Joash to the palace and sat him upon the throne of David (23:21).

Closing thoughtsDisobeying the LORD, and compromising with sin brings sorrow and distress. When King Jehoshaphat allowed his son (Jehoram) to marry Athaliah, a heathen, idol worshipping woman, he set in motion a series of events that brought trouble, sorrow, and death upon the nation. Only when the wicked were no longer in power, and the rightful heir was crowned king, did “the people of the land rejoice: and the city was quiet,” (23:21).

Proverbs 29:22When the righteous are in authority, the people rejoice: But when the wicked beareth rule, the people mourn.

Copyright © 2022 – Travis D. Smith