We continue our study of the prophecies of Micah, with today’s Scripture readings.
Micah 3 – Gathering Clouds of Judgment
In Micah 3, the prophet summoned the leaders and judges of Israel, and asked, “Is it not for you to know judgment [justice]?” Literally, how is it you are the “heads of Jacob, and ye princes of the house of Israel” (3:1), and your rulings violate the law and commandments of the LORD?
The Character of Israel’s Leaders (3:2-4)
The leaders of Israel had rejected God’s laws, and had become morally corrupt. They were guilty of hating good, and loving evil (3:2a). They had used their positions to take from the people, figuratively “skinning” the people of everything they had (3:2-3), and leaving them with nothing.
Micah prophesied the day would come when the leaders of Israel would cry to the LORD, but it would be too late (3:4). They had behaved wickedly, and the LORD would turn his face and mercies from them (3:4).
Judgment Pronounced Against False Prophets (3:5-7)
Having addressed the failed leadership of Israel, Micah turned the focus of his prophetic message to “the prophets that make my people err…and cry, Peace” (3:5). Who were the false prophets? Micah did not identify them by name, but such men have plagued believers down through the centuries. These were purveyors of false doctrine, who lied, assuring the people crying, “Peace” (3:5), safety, and prosperity.
Micah’s Confident Testimony (3:8-12)
With confidence he was God’s anointed, Micah declared, “truly I am full of power by the spirit of the Lord, And of judgment” (3:8). With courage, he called out the leaders of Israel, and declared they had failed the LORD, and perverted justice (3:9). They had exploited the people (3:10), and accepted bribes, perverting justice (3:11).
Closing thoughts – A nation’s leaders generally reflect the character of its people (especially in a democratic society). It can be said, as go the leaders, so goes the nation. The people had rejected God’s prophets, and believed the lies of evil leaders who said, “none evil can come upon us” (3:11).
Micah warned: The mount of Zion would be “plowed as a field,” and Jerusalem would become a pile of rubble (3:12).
Micah 4 – The Millennial Reign of Christ
The Future Glory of Jerusalem (4:1-2)
The focus of Micah became a prophecy of “the last days,” and the time of the Great Tribulation followed by the Second Coming of Christ (4:1-8). Though Micah had prophesied God’s judgment, the LORD did not leave His people without hope. Micah foretold a day when the LORD would reign upon mount Zion (4:1). The people and nations of the world would say in that day, “Come, and let us go up to the mountain of the Lord, And to the house of the God of Jacob; And he [the LORD] will teach us of his ways” (4:2a).
A Time of Universal Peace (4:3-7)
Christ’s reign will usher in a time a peace, such as the world has not seen since the Fall. In that day, the nations and people of the earth will “beat their swords into plowshares, And their spears into pruninghooks: Nation shall not lift up a sword against nation, Neither shall they learn war any more” (4:3).
The world will experience a season of peace (4:4). Men will depart from their gods, and will “walk in the name of the LORD” (4:5). In that day, the LORD will restore Israel to Himself (4:6-7).
Israel’s Afflictions and Captivity (4:8-10)
Micah 4:8 marked a dramatic shift from the far-reaching prophecies of the last days (4:1-7), to a more immediate prophetic threat. Micah warned, “the strong hold of the daughter of Zion [mount Zion upon which the palace and Temple were built], Unto thee shall it [army of Babylon] come, even the first dominion; The kingdom shall come to the daughter of Jerusalem” (4:8).
Micah 4:9-10 foretold in graphic terms the afflictions and sorrows that would befall Jerusalem and Judah. The city would “cry out aloud,” and there would be “no king” (fulfilled when king Jehocin was taken prisoner, 4:9). The suffering of the city would be as a woman experiencing the pangs of giving birth (4:9b-10). The Babylonian captivity was foretold (4:10b), yet the LORD promised He would redeem a remnant and restore His people to their land (4:10c).
Armageddon: The Final Siege of Jerusalem and a Promise of Victory (4:11-13)
I believe Micah 4:11 describes a battle that has not yet occurred. Instead of Babylon besieging Jerusalem, we read “many nations” will be gathered against Jerusalem (4:11). The hatred of God’s people, and the determination to destroy Israel is also described in other prophecies that are not yet fulfilled (Ezekiel 38-39; Joel 3:1-3; Zechariah 14:1-5; Revelation 16:12-21).
Closing thoughts – When the nations of the world align themselves against Israel, the leaders will not comprehend their plans and schemes are after the counsel of the LORD (4:11-12). The world will be gathered against Jerusalem fulfilling God’s sovereign plan and purpose (4:12).
In that day, the LORD will empower Israel, and “beat in pieces many people” (4:13). Christ will come again, and set up His earthly kingdom in Jerusalem [Mount of Zion], and there He will subdue the nations of the earth and reign a 1,000 years (4:2-4).
Copyright © 2022 – Travis D. Smith