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Scripture reading – Joshua 12-13

Joshua 12 – For the Record: A List of Kings and City States Conquered by Israel

Joshua 12 records the kings of Canaan conquered by Israel and the lands God promised His people as their inheritance.

The Land on the East Side of the Jordan River (12:1-6)

Joshua 12:1 describes the land Moses promised to the tribes of Reuben, Gad, and the half-tribe of Manasseh. Those two and one-half tribes were to occupy lands that had been ruled by Sihon, king of the Amorites (12:2-3), and Og, the king of Bashan (12:4-5). Reuben, Gad, and the half tribe of Manasseh had requested, and Moses agreed to give them the lands east of the Jordan (12:6).

The Kings Conquered under Joshua’s Leadership (12:7-24).

The boundaries of the Promised Land on the west side of the Jordan were defined and described (12:7-8). Those lands had been inhabited by “the Hittites, the Amorites, and the Canaanites, the Perizzites, the Hivites, and the Jebusites” (12:8), and all who were descendants of Canaan, the cursed son of Ham, the son of Noah (Genesis 10:15-18; 15:21; Deuteronomy 7:11). Thirty-one kings were defeated, and are listed in the order they were conquered (12:9-24).

Joshua 13 – Dividing the Land

The division of the lands on the west side of the Jordan River was recorded, beginning with Joshua 13 and extending to Joshua 24.

Joshua 13 began with a striking dialog between the LORD and Joshua. Unlike Moses, who had lived one hundred and twenty years and had not grown weak or frail in his old age (Deuteronomy 34:7), Joshua’s physical condition was described as “old and stricken in years” (13:1a). The LORD came to Joshua and stated the obvious: “Thou art old and stricken in years, and there remaineth yet very much land to be possessed” (13:1).

Joshua’s age was not disclosed, and he did not live to see Israel fully conquer and possess the land (13:1b-2). However, there was still much land to be settled, and those lands were identified, including the nations that occupied them (13:2-5). Therefore, before his death, Joshua needed to divide the lands west of Jordan among the nine and one-half tribes and command them to drive the inhabitants out of the lands God had promised them for an inheritance (13:7-13).

Two times we are reminded that the tribe of Levi would not receive land as their inheritance. Instead, the Levites had been chosen and sanctified by the LORD to serve Him. Their inheritance would be a portion of the offerings brought by the people to the Tabernacle (13:14, 33; Numbers 18:20; Deuteronomy 19:9; 18;2).

Closing thoughts:

The balance of Joshua 13 recorded the land east of the Jordan that was assigned to the tribes of Reuben (13:15-23), Gad (13:24-28), and the half-tribe of Manasseh (13:29-33). Our study of the divisions of the land west of the Jordan River will continue tomorrow with the remarkable testimony of Caleb (Joshua 14).

Questions to consider:

1) What tribes were assigned land on the east side of the Jordan River? (12:6; 13:8)

2) What nations did Israel fail to drive out of the land? (13:13)

3) What tribe did not receive land for an inheritance? (13:14, 33)

Copyright © 2023 – Travis D. Smith

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