Scripture reading – Song of Solomon 5

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We continue King Solomon’s romance story in today’s Scripture reading, Song of Solomon 5. While my approach to The Song of Solomon has been a literal interpretation, we also have a portrait of God’s love for His people (Ephesians 5:25-27).

King Solomon and his wedding entourage arrived for him to claim his bride in Song of Solomon 3, and she accepted his proposal of love (Song of Solomon 4). Song of Solomon 5 describes the king’s wedding night.


The King’s Wedding Feast (5:1)

Taking his bride to himself, Solomon expressed his joy and pleasure in her love and said, “I have eaten my honeycomb with my honey; I have drunk my wine with my milk” (5:1b). The king then bid his wedding guests a good night, and retired to his palace chamber with his beautiful Shulamite bride (5:1c).  

The Young Bride’s Nightmare (5:2-9)

Solomon’s bride dreamed he departed but then returned at night. She imagined he knocked at her bedchamber door, but she fell asleep and did not want to be disturbed (5:2b-3). Hearing her husband’s attempts to unlock the door, her heart yearned for him (5:4); however, when she unlocked and opened the door, he had departed (5:5-6).

She then dreamed she veiled her face and went into the night to seek her husband but to no avail. When she questioned the watchmen in the absence of the king, she dreamed they mistreated her (5:7). Longing for her husband, she dreamed how she inquired of the “daughters of Jerusalem” (5:8), but they did not know her. Instead, they treated her harshly and asked, “What is thy beloved more than another beloved, O thou fairest among women? What is thy beloved more than another beloved, that thou dost so charge us?” (5:9). (*Remember, this is a dream, for none would dare speak to the king’s wife in this manner.)


The Young Bride’s Depiction of Her Husband, the King (5:10-16)

Still dreaming and longing for her husband, the bride detailed to the young maidens the physical traits and qualities of her husband. (I believe the Song of Solomon 5:10-16 was not only a physical description of Solomon, but even more so of Christ at His Second Coming.)

In the following verses, the words and phrases in brackets are my suggestions for applying this passage to the appearance of Christ at His Second Coming.

Song of Solomon 5:10–1610My beloved [the bride speaking] is white [speaking of Christ’s His holiness] and ruddy [red, His sacrificial blood], the chiefest among ten thousand [the greatest of all men; the sinless Son of God].

11His head is as the most fine gold [i.e., a crown of gold Christ will wear], His locks are bushy, and black as a raven [the prime of manhood; for our LORD was put to death in His early 30’s].

12His eyes are as the eyes of doves [tender; compassionate] by the rivers of waters [tears], Washed with milk, and fitly set.

13His cheeks are as a bed of spices, as sweet flowers [His heavenly countenance]: His lips like lilies, dropping sweet smelling myrrh [in His mouth are the words of Truth].

14His hands are as gold rings set with the beryl [pierced by nails for our sins]: His belly is as bright ivory overlaid with sapphires [His physical body bore the penalty of our sins].

15His legs are as pillars of marble, set upon sockets of fine gold [He is strong, Almighty God]: His countenance is as Lebanon, excellent as the cedars [indicating His might and strength].

16His mouth is most sweet [Christ’s Words to His people are grace and mercy]: yea, he is altogether lovely [the King of kings, and Lord of lords]. This is my beloved, and this is my friend, O daughters of Jerusalem.

Closing thought –

The young bride’s description of her husband was moving and beautiful. The last phrase summed up a wonderful description of love and marriage between a husband and wife. The young bride said: “This is my beloved [lover], and this is my friend [darling; companion; favorite]” (5:16b).

Application – Lover and friend: a happy marriage demands both. A lasting marriage consists of two souls dedicated to a lifetime of patience, trust and romance.

Copyright © 2023 – Travis D. Smith

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