Scripture reading – Proverbs 30

Click on this link for translations of this bible study.

The human author of Proverbs 30 is debated among scholars. Some believe “Agur” was another name for Solomon; however, calling himself “Agur, the son of Jakeh” seems to negate that suggestion. In addition, the personal admissions in verses 2-3 and 8-9 seem out of character for Solomon, a man renowned for his wisdom.

Today’s Bible study will be taken from Proverbs 30:1-3 (I plan to teach Proverbs 30 in my Auditorium Bible Study this Sunday, December 17, at 9:15 AM on Also, the same lesson will be posted on my YouTube channel later.)


Proverbs 30


The opening verses of Proverbs 30 are not as practical as most proverbs; however, with a bit of “gold mining” into word meanings, we find golden nuggets of truth applicable to all who seek wisdom.


Proverbs 30:1 “The words of Agur the son of Jakeh, even the prophecy [utterances inspired by God]: the man spake unto Ithiel, even unto Ithiel and Ucal,”

The words of “Agur” are described as “the prophecy” (30:1), thereby attributing his words to be the inspired word of God. We may be unable to identify the human author; however, there is no doubt that God the Holy Spirit was the divine author. The apostles Paul and Peter testified that the Old and New Testaments’ scriptures were God-breathed and inspired by God (2 Timothy 3:16; 2 Peter 1:20-21).


Notice also that the prophecy of Agur was delivered to two men of whom nothing is known save their names, “Ithiel and Ucal” (30:1). Perhaps those men came to Agur seeking counsel, words of wisdom, and instruction. Agur evidenced humility, acknowledged his duty to speak on God’s behalf, and was overwhelmed with the responsibility (as should all preachers and teachers of the Scriptures).


Proverbs 30:2 – “Surely I am more brutish [stupid; foolish; lacking the ability to reason] than any man, and have not the understanding [knowledge and wisdom] of a man.”


Agur admitted he was inadequate to impart wisdom apart from God. He confessed he felt he was a “brutish man,” wandering like a beast without reasoning. He expressed the humility that should be true of all who sincerely seek wisdom. Of course, apart from the LORD’s mercy and grace, we are sinners, brute beasts, and spiritually without direction (Isaiah 53:6; Romans 1:28).


Proverbs 30:3 – “I neither learned [have not learned] wisdom, nor have the knowledge [discernment between good and evil] of the holy [sacred; pure].”


In contrast to the foolish who reject God (Psalm 14:1) and the proud who are unwilling to humble themselves, Agur acknowledged his woeful ignorance (30:3). He expressed the humility of Isaiah when he was given a vision of God’s heavenly glory and cried: “Woe is me! for I am undone…for mine eyes have seen the King, the LORD of hosts” (Isaiah 6:5).

Closing thought – Where might one find the wisdom of God?

Godly wisdom, understanding, and discernment come from trusting the LORD by faith, quietly residing in His presence, and meditating on His Word. Such wisdom is not the world’s wisdom (which “is foolishness with God,” 1 Corinthians 3:19). It is the spiritual wisdom and discernment derived from understanding and walking in obedience to God’s Word, Law, and Commandments.

James writes later in the New Testament, “If any of you lack wisdom, let him ask of God [ask for wisdom and understanding], that giveth to all men liberally [generously], and upbraideth not [He does not reproach]; and it shall be given him” (James 1:5).

Have you got wisdom? It is available to all who seek the LORD, trust Him as Savior, and obey His Word (Proverbs 30:5; Psalm 12:6-7).


* Please remember to subscribe to and have daily devotionals sent to your email address. In the year ahead, bonus devotionals will be unavailable except to subscribers.

Copyright © 2023 – Travis D. Smith 

* You can subscribe to the Heart of a Shepherd daily devotionals by entering your name and email address at the bottom of today’s devotion.

The Internal Revenue Service recognizes Heart of A Shepherd Inc as a 501c3 public charitable organization. Your donation is welcome and supports the worldwide ministry outreach of