Scripture reading – Micah 1; Micah 2

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Our chronological Scripture reading schedule brings us to the prophecies of Micah, whose ministry was contemporary with the prophets Isaiah, Hosea, and Amos.


The Preface (Micah 1:1-2)

The prophet Micah was introduced simply as “Micah the Morasthite” (Micah 1:1), thus giving us not only the prophet’s name but also indicating he was a citizen of Moreshah (also named “Moreshethgath). Moreshah was located some twenty miles south of Jerusalem (Micah 1:14).  

Micah’s ministry spanned the reigns of three kings of Judah: Jotham (2 Kings 15:32-20:21), Ahaz (2 Chronicles 27-32), and Hezekiah (Isaiah 7; 20; 36-39).


A Warning of God’s Judgment (Micah 1:3-5)

Israel and Judah’s appointment with God’s judgment was drawing nigh. Micah was given a vision from the LORD, and it was his task to call upon all the earth to hear the “word of the LORD” (Micah 1:1). The message of judgment concerned the fate of Samaria and Jerusalem (the capital cities of northern Israel and Judah, the southern kingdom). As the capitals of Judah and Israel, those cities were the principal seats of government and representative of the idolatry and wickedness of the people (Micah 1:3-5).

The judgment of the LORD was at hand, and Micah portrayed a violent scene and wrote: “The LORD cometh forth out of His place…the mountains shall be molten…the valleys shall be cleft” (Micah 1:3-4). Why was the LORD coming in judgment? “5For the transgression of Jacob is all this, And for the sins of the house of Israel. What is the transgression of Jacob? is it not Samaria? And what are the high places of Judah? are they not Jerusalem?” (Micah 1:5)

The Specifics of God’s Judgment (Micah 1:6-9)

False prophets had increased in both Israel and Judah in Micah’s day. While Micah and other prophets of the LORD warned the people of imminent judgment, false prophets told the people the things that pleased them.

Micah’s task was to warn the people of Samaria (northern Israel) that their fields and vineyards would be destroyed. The buildings they constructed of hewn stones on hilltops would be razed to their foundations. The cut stones rolled down into the valley (Micah 1:6).  Because the people rejected the LORD, Micah prophesied their idols would be crushed by Assyria and reduced to dust (Micah 1:7). Moved to tears, the prophet wailed and howled over the judgment that would befall his people (Micah 1:8).

Micah was also burdened with the responsibility of delivering a message of doom to Judah. The Assyrian army passed through Israel and marched to the gates of Jerusalem (Micah 1:9). The LORD intervened and stopped the Assyrians at the city gates. Nevertheless, His stay of judgment was temporary, for the sins and wickedness of Judah were like an incurable wound (Micah 1:9).


Micah’s Lamentation for Israel and Judah (Micah 1:10-15)

 Micah wept over Israel and Judah. He bemoaned other cities that would witness the sorrows of God’s people and share in their judgment. The chapter concluded with the prophet foretelling the captivity and exile that would befall Israel and Judah.

Micah 2


Chapter 2 continued Micah’s prophecies concerning God’s judgments against Israel and Judah. The prophet identified Israel’s sins that would bring God’s judgment.

 The leaders were guilty of plotting all manner of wickedness (Micah 2:1a). Micah described them as lying awake at night plotting the sins they would commit on the morrow (Micah 2:1b). They were greedy and not only coveted a man’s fields and house but took possession of them by violence (Micah 2:2).  

The wicked leaders of Israel and Judah stirred the wrath of the LORD, and He declared against their households, “Behold, against this family do I devise an evil, From which ye shall not remove your necks; Neither shall ye go haughtily: For this time is evil” (Micah 2:3). Yet, the people rejected the prophets and said, “Prophesy yet not” (Micah 2:6). They set themselves as God’s enemies (Micah 2:8).


Closing thoughts –

Though His people had broken their covenant with Him, the LORD did not forsake them entirely. He remembered His covenant and promised to one day “gather the remnant of Israel” (Micah 2:12a). Micah prophesied God’s people would one day be set free and the LORD would be the head of them (Micah 2:13).

God’s Word and history give testimony that the prophecies of Micah came to pass, and some of the Jews returned to their homeland after the Babylonian captivity. Nevertheless, the regathering of the children of Israel to their land is not yet fulfilled, though a remnant dwells in the land. When Christ returns, the children of Israel will be regathered to their land and dwell in peace.

Copyright © 2024 – Travis D. Smith 

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